In the glory era of Myanmar, this land had been consisted of numerous splendid constructions adorned with gold and there were abundantly architectural, sculptural art or painting created delicately by professional Burmese artist. However during war, Myanmar was invaded from enemies. These precious arts and majority of constructions were burned and destroyed because of the war. Many towns were so ruined that the glory trace is almost nothing left but at Mandala, there is the last monument of Myanmar. The architectural building still remains perfectly from releasing bomb in the Second World War Shwenandaw Monastery is only the palace preserved so far.
Previously, Shwenandaw Monastery, the royal palace in Mandala was royal throne-hall built by King Mindon in 24th or 25th century. In the era of king Mindon of Alaungpaya dynasty, when he had passed away, King Thibaw Min ascended the throne and he ordered to rebuild to the monastery area at outside of the palace in 1880 according to the royal intention’s king Mindon. It was called “Shwenandaw Monastery” or “Golden Palace Monastery”. Because during the Second World War, soldiers and opponents invaded this monastery to stay as a military base, it could escape from being burned. The Golden Palace Monastery is only one palace remaining until now.
The outstanding point of this monastery is artwork created neatly by the professional artist of Amapura-Mandala. The whole architecture is established from golden teak wood carved elegantly and delicately both exterior and interior with 5 castle roofing levels. For visiting the Shwenandaw monastery, tourists can feel very excited since in front of the spectacular monastery with depictions of numerous wood carving patterns at each door, window, wall, ceiling and even pillar. The tourists almost cannot see a flat here. Because of a period of king Mindon, the western influence plays big role for Burmese art that causes Acanthus pattern or acanthus mollis leaf adopted in order to harmonize with Jataka.
When exploring inside the monastery, the visitors can find another breathtaking surprise that is trace gilded both inside and outside around this building. Although nowadays, gold leaf disappears almost all, some space is bright as sparkling gold and this is the origin name “Shwenandaw” meaning “golden throne-hall”.