The Shwezigon Pagoda is being one of many thousand pagodas in the sea of pagodas in Bagan State, Myanmar. To discover the 9 wonders about The Shwezigon Pagoda and being a golden pagoda stand on the sand near the bank of Irrawaddy River. While traveling to Bagan, you must visit the beautiful architecture at the Shwezigon Pagoda. Enjoy the river views and a beautiful sunset as a background. Most of all, to explore the existence of the 9 wonders of the pagoda.
The Shwezigon Pagoda or Shwezigon Paya is one of the oldest pagodas in the country and also being one of the thousands of pagodas in Bagan. It’s located in the North of Irrawaddy River. It was built around 960 years ago during the reign of King Anawrahta (1044-1077) and was completed in 1102 AD, during the reign of King Kyansittha; the Third King in Bagan Dynasty. Burmese people believed that there are a bone and tooth relics of the Buddha ; which was respectfully engaged from Sri Lanka, inside the pagoda. According to the legend, King Anawrahta selected the site for building this pagoda by sending a white elephant mounted with bone and tooth relics of the Buddha to roam freely with the declaration that wherever the elephant stopped would be the site for building the pagoda. The elephant finally stopped over a dune which was chosen as the site for building the pagoda, and thus the name Shewzigon pagoda meaning “golden pagoda on a dune” in Burmese. So, the pagoda is like a symbol of the victory for Burmese (Myanmar) toward Mon. Besides that, The Shwezigon Pagoda is a symbol of devotion to Theravada Buddhism. As a stupa containing the 3 important relics of the Lord Buddha. First is the tooth relic which was received from the king of Sri Lanka. Second, the Shoulder bone relics brought from Sri Ksetra Kingdom. (Near Prome), and last, the frontal bone relics. Recently, for Burmese people, the Shwezigon Pagoda is being one of the most sacred place in Myanmar.
The Shwezigon Pagoda become the prototype of architectural and art design for many pagodas in Myanmar. For architectural details; the shape of pagoda is like a bell-shaped in traditional Mon architectural style. The exterior surface of the pagoda is covered with gold leaf. The pagoda sits on three rising terraces in a square indented plan and 53 meters height from the base to the top. Each step of the terrace is decorated with plaques illustrating scenes from the tales of previous life of the Buddha. A small stupa is placed at each corner of the bases. The upper part of Shwezigon has no square from the bell-shaped dome and is decorated with triangulor motifs. It connects to a series of superimposed circular mouldings, inverted lotus moulding and a plump finial. There are four Buddha images placed in every directions.
Besides the beauty of the architecture. The Shwezigon Pagoda also have two interesting things, which is the highlight of a visit to the pagoda. Firstly, for tourists who love to shoot in a different way, there is the reflection of Schwezigon Pagoda in the small water hole which diameter of about 3 inches and 2 inches deep. The pagoda reflection will appeared in the water by bowing your head over the hole to see it. Secondly, there are nine wonders of The The Shwezigon Pagoda which the tourists can explore by themselves.
- Although the Hti (umbrella) on the top is massive but it has no iron buttresses.
- Papers holding gold leaves are dropped from upper lotus on the spire after gilding, but they never land outside the precinct.
- The shadows of the enclosure walls never fall outside its boundary walls regardless of the time of day. If the shadows fall outside its boundary, they believed that it is the sign of ill-fated.
- The pagoda itself never becomes crowded depite of any number of visitors and pilgrims.
- There is always an early morning offering of steamed rice to the Pagoda.
- The sound of the beating of a big drum on one side of the Pagoda cannot be heard on the other side.
- While looking at the pagoda from a distance the pagoda appears to be standing on a hill.
- Regardless of heavy rainfall, no water remains in its compound,
- The Khayey trees and Chayar trees in the precinct bloom all the year round. (Normally, blooming once a year.)
Please do not miss the chance to travel to the sea of Pagodas in Bagan and explore the nine wonders of the Shwezigon Pagoda by yourselves. We guarantee that you will get the new experience there.